Synonyms for in defiance of include after, despite, in spite of, regardless of, even after, notwithstanding, even with, in the face of, irrespective of and heedless of. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, } Nangeli’s unyielding nature as well as her poverty-stricken plight led her to practice civil disobedience as she refused to pay the fee while continuing to cover her breasts. 'increment': 0.01, Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2020-10-16 iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776476', position:'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, have an account? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776446', position:'btf' }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add defiance to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Absurdly, one tax was imposed on low-caste men who wished to maintain a mustache. Delivered to your inbox! Usage Frequency: 1 /*american_english Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. For second generation Tamil immigrants, hearing parents and the elderly inquire in a needlessly passionate manner about a fellow Tamil’s oor (native village), as means to decipher their caste, is typical. }); Casted Away: Ending Discrimination Growing up, one of the few prominent Tamil feminist activists I was exposed to was a male, Bharathiyar (1882-1921). 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Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! } var pageUrlSetting = location.protocol + '//' + location.host + location.pathname; From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. A multi-generational saga dating back to 1803, of an Ezhava woman Nangeli, as she resists the Brahmanic patriarchy of an Indian society, graphically depicts the consequences of the intrinsically oppressive caste system. Conversely, in regards to paternally inherited Y-chromosome variations, all castes hold stronger European rather than Asian ties. Tamils’ caste structure has deeper religious roots than is the case for similar hierarchies found in other cultures. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, params: { the physical and electronic parts of a computer, rather than the instructions it follows, Between you, me and the gatepost: idioms connected with secrets, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. 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