Presently, India and Nepal are the two Hindu majority countries. To. (See the Methodology on page 166 for more information on how migration flows were estimated.). Hinduism has approximately 1.2 billion adherents worldwide (15% of world's population). The last column shows the Hindu percentage compared to the total Hindu population of the world (Hindus in the region * 100/total Hindu population of the world). By total number, India has the most Hindus. The religious discrimination and persecution in Pakistan have many Hindus looking to India for safety. Ans : India is the 2nd largest country in the world in terms of its population size. The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers are included or not. The Indonesian island of Bali is particularly dedicated to Hinduism with lots of temples, sculptures depicting science from the Hindus' famous myths, and deep rooted Hindu traditions across the majority of the island's native population. Hinduism is the second most common religion in Bangladesh after Islam. The estimates vary depending on whether temporary workers – with no residency nor right to openly practice their religion – are included or not. Hindus are younger, on average, than the global population, so the aging of the Hindu population combined with increases in life expectancy will permit the population to increase in number even with below-replacement fertility. (Note: Egypt, Sudan, and other Arab Maghreb countries are counted as part of North Africa, not Middle East). In 2010, 94% of the world’s Hindus lived in India, and this is expected to remain true in 2050, when 1.3 billion Hindus are projected to live in the country. India and Nepal were the only countries in which a majority of the population was Hindu in 2010, and they are expected to be the only Hindu-majority countries in 2050.44 In 2010, Hindus were the largest religious group in the Asia-Pacific region. The countries with more than 5,000 Hindu residents and citizens include (in decreasing order) – India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia (especially in Bali, which is 84% Hindu), Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, United States, Myanmar, Thailand, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Mauritius, and the Caribbean (West Indies). Hinduism was present in the United Kingdom as early as the 19th century when the British Empire had control over India. It is covering the total land area of 3,287,590 square km with 9.6% water. As a result, Indonesia denied rights of citizenship to individuals who did not belong to a monotheistic religion; therefore, the Balinese Hindus adopted their form of Hinduism to be monotheistic. (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. Muslims are expected to grow faster than Hindus because they have the youngest median age and the highest fertility rates among major religious groups in India. Region-wise, Muslims are likely to be dominant in the Asia-Pacific region but their size itself will reduce from 62% in 2010 to 53% in 2050. Malaysia has about 1.949 million Hindus, about 6.3% of the country's total population. A recent Pew Research Center report on religious restrictions found India to have one of the highest levels of social hostilities involving religion in the world. A few years after gaining independence from the Dutch, the Indonesian … In many cases the figures don't agree, i.e. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); You have entered an incorrect email address! India is already home to most of the world’s Hindus. With a Hindu population of 4.4 million, Indonesia has the fourth-highest Hindu community in the world. These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. I. Nepal has 21,551,492 Hindus. As of 2010, there were more Hindus than there were members of any other religious group in the region. Learn about Muslims and Islam through four short lessons delivered to your inbox every other day. India is called the home of Hindus. Hinduism arrived in Malaysia when Indians began settling during the ancient and medieval eras, most of which still live in peninsular Malaysia. The percentage of Hindus under the age of 30 (57%) also was slightly above the global figure (53%). The Government does not recognize all non-Muslim religions and only a limited number of Christian groups are granted legal recognition in UAE. Globally, Hindus were slightly younger (median age of 26) than the world’s population overall (median age of 28) as of 2010. The temple, dubbed as the largest Balinese Hindu temple ever built outside Bali, was meant as the main temple for the Balinese Hindu population in the Greater Jakarta region. Religious switching was not modeled in India, home to 94% of Hindus in 2010, because reliable data on patterns of religious switching in India are not available. (For more information on Muslim population growth in the Asia-Pacific region and worldwide, see Chapter 3, page 143.). Pakistan is home to 4,451,000 Hindu believers, and these are mostly those left in the country after the great divide from when it was formally a part of India. There are numerous sources that are providing the information regarding to the Hindu population. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020, Year 2050: 10 Countries With The Largest Hindu Populations, Countries With The Largest Roman Catholic Populations, Countries With The Largest Jain Populations, Countries With The Largest Sikh Populations, The Largest Football (Soccer) Stadiums In The World. Additionally, the rise of the Taliban in Pakistan has further influenced the anti-Hindu attitude and increased persecution of Hindus and all non-Muslims. Nepal (81.3%) and India (79.8%) are countries with Hindus being the majority of their respective populations. Hindu Population in India (State wise) State/Union Territory Total Population Hindu Population Proportion of Hindu Population India 1,210,854,977 966,345,841 … Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World, The number of Hindus around the world is projected to rise from slightly more than 1 billion in 2010 to nearly 1.4 billion in 2050. By 2050, however, the number of Muslims in the region is expected to surpass the number of Hindus. Nepal (81.3%) and India (79.8%) are countries with Hindus being the majority of their respective populations. This is about 1.70% of the U.K.'s total population. Pakistan emerged as a separate nation in 1948, proclaiming to form an Islamic state. Hinduism originated in the north of India near the banks of the Indus River. According to the Pew Research Center’s religious profile predictions assessed data released on Thursday, the Hindu population is projected to rise by 34 per cent worldwide, from a little over 1 billion to nearly 1.4 billion by 2050. It contains 94.30% of the world’s total Hindus population. Hindu-Americans hold the highest educational attainment level among all religious communities in the U.S. Hindu concepts, such as karma, veganism, reincarnation, meditation, yoga, and Ayurveda, have become popular in the U.S. mainstream, believed and practiced by non-Hindus. Over the same period, however, the Muslim population in the Asia-Pacific region is projected to grow even faster. It is currently the third-largest religion worldwide, with approximately 1.2 billion Hindus in many different countries. It is increasing rapidly by 1.52% annually. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Most American Hindus are immigrants, and the children of immigrants and about 10% are converts. Balinese Hinduism is a distinct type of Hindu worship that incorporates local animism, ancestor worship (Pitru Paksha), and reverence for Buddhist saints (Bodhisattva). Similarly, when migration is taken into account, the expected Hindu shares of the populations in Europe and the Middle East-North Africa region in 2050 are roughly double what they would be without migration. In North America, the Middle East-North Africa region and Europe, Hindu populations are projected to increase both in absolute number and as a share of the overall populations, albeit in each case from a relatively small base. The Hinduism practiced in Bangladesh is very similar to the Hinduism practiced in India. Modi, who was chief minister of Gujarat at the time, has been accused of not doing enough to stop the killing because he is leader of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party and the violence was perpetrated by Hindus against Muslims. Hinduism, more so than any other religion, accepts and celebrates that truth or reality cannot be encapsulated and must be sought in multiple sources. North America’s share of the world’s Hindu population is expected to grow from about 0.2% in 2010 to 0.4% in 2050. Hindu fertility rates are highest in the Asia-Pacific region (2.4) and lowest in Europe (1.5). Additionally, Hinduism is shaped by five elements: doctrine, practice, society, story, and devotion. Currently, Indonesia has the world’s largest number of Muslims. Since then, the Hindu population of Pakistan has been steadily decreasing. It  showed Hindu population approximately 13.26% from the entire world population. Buddhism also has a strong presence in the country. Hinduism stands among the largest world religions, alongside the likes of Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism. Hinduism is also practised by the non-Indic people like Balinese of Bali island (Indonesia), Tengger and Osing of Java (Indonesia) and Balamon Chams of Vietnam, Ghanaian Hindus in Ghana, Chinese Malaysians and Orang Asli of Malaysia. After Christianity and Islam, Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. About 400,000 Hindus from Asia and the Pacific are forecast to move to the Middle East-North Africa region, while smaller numbers are expected to move to North America (220,000), Europe (90,000) and sub-Saharan Africa (10,000) between 2010 and 2015. The Mauritius constitution prohibits discrimination based on religion, protecting any religion, including Hinduism, from the discrimination and persecution seen in other countries. Roughly 200,000 Hindus are forecast to move from the Middle East-North Africa region to the Asia-Pacific region; many of them are returning to Asia after working in the oil-rich Persian Gulf countries. Hinduism played a large role in Nepal's history, which was the only Hindu state in the world until 2008.

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