Topics Biblical Interpretation How many came out of the exodus of Egypt By Jeff A. Benner. The second answer given is that the firstborn male would be per household instead of per family. The Torah says, “A mixed multitude (erev rav) went up with them [out of Egypt].”12 The commentators explain that these were converts who were awestruck by G‑d’s miracles and desired to place their lot with the Israelites. I respect your literalist approach and we can agree to disagree. 200, 300, 600, and 700). [xvi] Talmud Yerushalmi Taanis 4:5 (23a). 12:37, Num. The first is that the census only counted the firstborn males born since the Exodus that happened just two years earlier (Num. If the sum total is only to calculate the number of clans or families, then the number should have been a flat 598 or 603 – not 603 with 550 in change. We must therefore say that the description of the giants in Num. If you say it was on the first of Elul, could a courier [who carries letters] go in a day and a night [i.e., in just a short time] from Jerusalem to Tyre? The Torah: Divinely-Inspired or Man-Made? [vi] See for example Midrash Tanchuma Shemot 5. Many Jews flee to Egypt and a possible fourth deportation to Babylon 562 BCE Release of Jehoiachin after 37 years in a Babylonian prison. The children under the age of 20 likely doubles that number, giving us a total of about two and half million. [xi] However, with a force of 600,000 adult men, the Israelites would have fallen upon the Canaanites as locusts swarming a crop field. 10:19, Isaiah 60:22, Micah 5:2), “divisions” (Num. On a similar note, Pharaoh speaks to his people he tells them that the Hebrews have outnumbered them (Ex. If there were truly 2 or 3 million Hebrews in Egypt, that would constitute about a quarter or a full half of the Egyptian population. God promised that their exit would mean great abundance for Israel. These numbers (i.e. 22:21, 30), “oxen” (Isaiah 30:24, Psalm 8:7), and “tribes” (Num. Under a previous administration, the Israelites had royal permission to live in the land and to work it. (Exodus 13:21-22). If the Egyptian population at the time was several million, wouldn’t this suggest that the Israelites were also several million? [9], It is for this reason that the eleph as clan/unit theory must resort to a less traditional and less orthodox view. If you say that it was on the first of Ab, the city had not yet been burned. [10] This editor would have also added in verses like in Ex. [xiii] The Number of People in the Exodus from Egypt: Decoding Mathematically the Very Large Numbers in Numbers I and XXVI page 198. And finally, the literal number 600,000 fits the number of contributions for the Tabernacle mentioned in Ex. Many kings or scribes would inflate/exaggerate the numbers of their military populations. Also see https://jewishbelief.com/genesis-historical-error/ for a discussion of full chapters of Torah being a possible error. The current world population growth rate is about 1%. How long were the Israelites in Egypt | … [xi] Deut. Ultimately, with the minimal data we have, we cannot decide conclusively on the matter. This indicates that eleph does in fact mean thousand, which is why the hundreds were able to add to the eleph number in the sum-total. [iii] Genesis 46:26-27, Ex. This is a subject of debate with various bible scholars suggesting various figures. It is unlikely that they were merely scared of their superior stature in height since archaeology shows little difference between Canaanite height and the universal height at the time. 13:33 is exaggerative. If this were merely a figurative non-literal number, the point of the census would seem useless. So, from 1800 to 2000 – a 200-year span – we saw the largest growth rate humanity has seen: times seven its original population. Said R. Tanhum bar Hanilai, “There is an error in calculation here.“. Had the Israelites been a literal 2 or 3 million population, they would have swarmed into the vastly outnumbered Canaanites and could have inhabited their cities and have built many more to accommodate for their mega population of 2 or 3 million. The sum-total just doesn’t work out with the eleph as clan/unit theory. It should be noted that the number 600,000 is merely a detail in the Exodus narrative and does not mean that we can start radically modifying the entire Exodus account. Your comment “This growth is unfathomable from a historical perspective” concerning the Hebrew growth rate of roughly 200 to 2M in 430 year is in itself unfathomably ignorant! Many of the tribes under Mari control migrated westwards and infiltrated into the Goshen or delta region of northern Egypt." This eleph as clan or military unit theory is actually well supported from the mathematical equation we have made earlier. The descendants of Aaron alone were sanctioned to sacrifice to the Lord. [xiv] This view is championed by Dr. Joshua Berman in his work Ani Maamin p. 46-52. Pharoah's heart and mind were so determined to keep the Israelite people in bondage that the Egyptians suffered great tragedy. Many other kings-lists of that time and era also give an insanely long number of years to various early kings. What is the meaning of “Aha?“ [The cited verse indicates that Tyre rejoiced on the first day of the month.] The calculation I was making was based on the population trends of that time. Their homework concerning the years of famine in Canaan been put forward on the )! Major obstacle: the sum-total just doesn ’ t tend to have 30,000... Then perhaps we can not adequately explain the extra “ change ” each. Yisroel in Heb. 40 years in the Torah was edited at some well! 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