Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. Description Appearance. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive Key to Ficus: cultivated species. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. Read More Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … C, SW, SE. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice 2020. Click on image to view plant details. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. 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